NUMBERS, DEUTERONOMY: LIFE ON THE EDGE

Unit 1: Warning! Watch Out for Pitfalls

December 4       

Numbers 1:1–8:26      

Numbers 6:1-15

Stay True to Your Commitments

December 11      

Numbers 9:1–10:10    

Numbers 9:1-11a,15-19

Stay on Track with God's GPS

December 18      

Numbers 10:11–14:45 

Numbers 13:26-28,31; 14:6-9,17-23

Stay Fearless in Your Obedience

January 1                                                                      setting

Numbers 15:1–25:18                                          context

          Numbers 22:4b-6,31-35; 23:19-23         lesson

Stay Grateful for God's Care

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SETTING

While we look at the five Books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) as five separate books (Pentateuch), it is essentially one piece of writing. Genesis gives the beginnings: creation, man, sin, salvation, covenant, and Abraham’s family. Exodus sees Abraham’s family become the nation of Israel as they travel from Egypt to Mt. Sinai.

Numbers finds them here at Mt. Sinai. They have already experienced the “golden calf” incidents—where Moses made “God with them” as crucial to their travel—and are now preparing to travel. In preparation for their travel to Kadesh-Barnea, they must include spiritual and ceremonial cleansing so that God will travel in their midst. Numbers 1-10 record these preparations and those instructions from God that accompany their work.

After a formulaic record of a tribe by tribe military census and instructions for the responsibilities of uncounted Levities, the LORD instructed Israel on the arrangement of the tribes as they camp around the Tabernacle so that every Israelite is defined by his service to the LORD. Then, the LORD sets specific details for the Levites by clan as well as the purification laws for the community. So the reader is given specific qualifications and duties for office holders in the service of the LORD. However, even though office holding is not for every Israelite, dedicated service is. Thus, in chapter six, the Nazarite Vow instructions provide for any Israelite to dedicate himself to God in a more specific way than his general responsibilities already provide.

The apex of spiritual and ceremonial cleansing before Israel can leave Mt. Sinai with God in their midst comes at God’s command to commemorate the Passover. On the first month and the fourteenth day, Israel consecrated itself just as it had the night of that final and dreadful tenth plague in Egypt by remembering God’s deliverance from slavery at the meal of the paschal lamb.

Israel’s journey brings them to Kadesh-Barnea where they fail to enter the Land of Promise and then after forty years of wondering, back to Kadesh-Barnea. Here they are called to enter the land of Promise again. This generation having witnessed the failure of their parents seem ready to follow the LORD. They skirt around the Dead Sea and enjoy early success in conquering the Transjordan side of the Promised Land. Here in the Plains of Moab, Israel prepares to cross the Jordan River and conquer the remainder of their inheritance.

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OUTLINE

Book One:
The End of the First Generation
in the Wilderness (1:1–25:18)

I.     Faithfulness of Israel at Sinai (1:1–10:10)

1.     Sinai Cycle A:
Census and Consecration of the Tribes of Israel (1:1–6:27)

2.    Sinai Cycle B:
Tabernacle and Celebration (7:1–10:10)

II.   The Rebellious Generation in the Wilderness (10:11–25:18)

1.     Rebellion Cycle A:
From Sinai to Zin—Decline and Fall of the First Generation (10:11–15:41)

2.    Rebellion Cycle B: Korah and Company Challenge Moses (16:1–19:22)

3.    Rebellion Cycle C: From Zin to Moab: The Rebellion and Replacement of Moses (20:1–25:19)

(1)   From Kadesh of Zin to Mount Hor: The End of an Era (20:1–29)

(2)  Victory over the Canaanites of Arad Hormah (21:1–3)

(3)  Rebellion and Judgment (21:4–9)

(4)  Journey through Moab (21:10–20)

(5)  Victory over the Amorites of Transjordan (21:21–35)

(6)  The Book of Balaam (22:1–24:25)

Cycle I: First Messengers Sent to Balaam (22:2–14)

Cycle II: Second Set of Messengers Sent to Balaam (22:15–21)

Cycle III: God’s Messenger Sent to Balaam (22:22–38)

Preparation for the First Oracular Event (22:39–40)

Balaam’s First Oracle (22:41–23:10)

Balak’s Response to Balaam and the Rejoinder (23:11–12)

Balaam’s Second Oracle (23:13–26)

Balaam’s Third Oracle (23:27–24:14)

Balaam’s Fourth Oracle (24:15–19)

Balaam’s Fifth Oracle: Against the Amalekites (24:20)

Balaam’s Sixth Oracle: Against the Kenites (24:21–22)

Balaam’s Seventh Oracle: Against Assyria (24:23–24)

Balaam Departs Homeward (24:25)

(7)  The Final Rebellion: Idolatry at Baal Peor (25:1–19)

[Full Outline]

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LESSON

Here on the plains of Moab rest the entire nation of Israel. God has brought them to the heart of the Land of Promise in such a way as to as instill great fear among the inhabitants of the Land. He is taking care of His people by fulfilling His promised restoration of their homeland. At the same time, He is taking care of the current inhabitants by fulfilling His promised execution of judgment for their great debauchery.

Rather than comparing great number of Israelites to a plague of locust, the Moabites depict their great strength to a wild ox, a sort of unstoppable, destructive force. Since Balaak could not meet this threat with force, he turned to Balaam to curse them. Balak said to him: "Look, a people has come out of Egypt; they cover the surface of the land and are living right across from me. 6 Please come and put a curse on these people for me because they are more powerful than I am. I may be able to defeat them and drive them out of the land, for I know that those you bless are blessed and those you curse are cursed. (Num 22:5b-6, HCSB)"

The interaction between Balaak and Balaam provides both a humorous and impressive display of God’s active governance over this situation. First, Balaam refuses Balaak’s offer because God told him that Israel is blessed. Then, when Balaak’s representatives returned with a better offer, Balaam accepts. God permits him to go with the warning that he only follows his instructions. God insures this by opposing him as he travels. During this encounter with the Angel of the LORD, Balaam cannot see his adversary, but his donkey can. The donkey even chides Balaam for striking it when it tries to evade the Angel of the LORD.

31 Then the LORD opened Balaam's eyes, and he saw the Angel of the LORD standing in the path with a drawn sword in His hand. Balaam knelt and bowed with his face to the ground. 32 The Angel of the LORD asked him, "Why have you beaten your donkey these three times? Look, I came out to oppose you, because what you are doing is evil in My sight. 33 The donkey saw Me and turned away from Me these three times. If she had not turned away from Me, I would have killed you by now and let her live." 34 Balaam said to the Angel of the LORD, "I have sinned, for I did not know that You were standing in the path to confront me. And now, if it is evil in Your sight, I will go back." 35 Then the Angel of the LORD said to Balaam, "Go with the men, but you are to say only what I tell you." So Balaam went with Balak's officials. (Num 22:31-35, HCSB)

All along this story is about the Lord God, His purposes, His actions, and His blessing. He restores His people to the land promised to Abraham. He has blessed them and insures that all their enemies know it. Through Balaak’s blessing Israel, the Lord puts the “fear of God” into the residents of the land who are under God’s judgment as he foretold Abraham four hundred earlier. As a final touch, God uses Balaam to state His praise based on His unchangeable nature.  

19 God is not a man who lies, or a son of man who changes His mind. Does He speak and not act, or promise and not fulfill? 20 I have indeed received a command to bless; since He has blessed, I cannot change it. 21 He considers no disaster for Jacob; He sees no trouble for Israel. The LORD their God is with them, and there is rejoicing over the King among them. 22 God brought them out of Egypt; He is like the horns of a wild ox for them. 23 There is no magic curse against Jacob and no divination against Israel. It will now be said about Jacob and Israel, "What great things God has done!" (Num 23:19-23, HCSB)

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Outline of Numbers 1

Book One:
The End of the First Generation
in the Wilderness (1:1–25:18)

I.     Faithfulness of Israel at Sinai (1:1–10:10)

1.     Sinai Cycle A:
Census and Consecration of the Tribes of Israel (1:1–6:27)

(1)   Historical Setting: Prologue (1:1)

(2)  Military Conscription of the Twelve Tribes of Israel (1:2–46)

Census Instructions (1:2–4)

Census Assistants Enlisted (1:5–16)

Census Directed by Moses (1:17–19)

Census Results by Tribal Households (1:20–43)

Census Summary and Total (1:44–46)

Responsibilities of Uncounted Levites (1:47–53)

Census Conclusion: Faithful Obedience (1:54)

(3)  Holy Arrangement of the Israelite Camps (2:1–34)

Introduction (2:1–2)

East Side, South Side West Side, North Side Encampments (2:3–31)

Conclusion: Faithful Obedience (2:32–34)

(4)  Responsibilities and Census of the Levite Clans (3:1–4:49)

Introduction: Genealogy of Aaron and Moses (3:1–4)

Levite Consecration to Service (3:5–10)

Levite Replacement of the Firstborn (3:11–13)

Genealogical Delineation of Levite Clans (3:14–20)

Census and Responsibilities of the Levite Clans (3:21–39)

Dedication of the Levites in Firstborn Redemption (3:40–51)

Further Responsibilities and Census of Levites for Service (4:1–49)

Kohathite Service Detailed (4:1–20)

Gershonite Service Detailed (4:21–28)

Merarite Service Detailed (4:29–33)

Summary Census of Levites (4:34–49)

(5)  Purification Laws for the Faithful Community (5:1–31)

Cultic Isolation of Various Disease Carriers (5:1–4)

Restitution for Wrongs Done (5:5–10)

The Case of a Suspected Adulterous Wife (5:11–31)

(6)  The Sacred Nazirite Vow (6:1–21)

Introduction (6:1–2)

Prohibitions (6:3–8)

Purification from Corpse Defilement (6:9–12)

Completion Rituals of the Nazirite Vow (6:13–20)

Summary (6:21)

(7)  The Priestly Blessing (6:22–27)

2.    Sinai Cycle B:
Tabernacle and Celebration (7:1–10:10)

(1)   Offerings of the Leaders of the Israelite Tribes (7:1–89)

Historical Setting and Introduction (7:1–11)

Tribal Gifts Delineated (7:12–83)

Summary of Offerings Presented (7:84–88)

Yahweh Speaks with Moses in the Tabernacle (7:89)

(2)  Menorah Lamp Arrangement (8:1–4)

(3)  Installation of the Levites (8:5–26)

Ritual Cleansing (8:5–7)

Presentation of Levites with Sacrifices (8:8–11)

Offering of Sacrifices (8:12–14)

Levite Substitutionary Role (8:15–19)

Summary of the Levite Dedication (8:20–22)

Postlude: The Levite Retirement (8:23–26)

(4)  The Second Passover: With New Delineations (9:1–14)

(5)  Pattern of the Journey: The Lord and the Cloud (9:15–23)

(6)  The Silver Trumpets (10:1–10)

Gathering and Disembarking the Camps (10:1–7)

Rallying for Battle and Rejoicing in Festival Offerings (10:8–10)

II.   The Rebellious Generation in the Wilderness (10:11–25:18)

1.     Rebellion Cycle A:
From Sinai to Zin—Decline and Fall of the First Generation (10:11–15:41)

(1)   Historical Reference: From Mount Sinai to the Paran Desert (10:11–13)

(2)  The Departure from Sinai (10:14–36)

The Israelite Tribes Depart in Orderly Array (10:14–28)

Hobab: Departure or Guidance in the Wilderness? (10:29–32)

First Stage of the Journey (10:33–36)

(3)  First Rebellion: General Murmuring (11:1–3)

(4)  Second Rebellion: Complaint about Food (11:4–35)

The Rabble’s Complaint (11:4–6)

Yahweh’s Provision of Manna (11:7–9)

Moses’ Complaint about the People (11:10–15)

Yahweh Responds: Assemble Seventy Elders (11:16–17)

Preparation for Provision of Meat: Purification and Confession (11:18–20)

Moses Expresses Disbelief to Yahweh (11:21–22)

Yahweh Responds to Moses’ Disbelief (11:23)

Preparation for Blessing: Elders Assembled (11:24)

Yahweh Sends Spirit upon the Seventy Elders (11:25–27)

Moses Responds to Joshua’s Complaint (11:28–30)

Yahweh’s Fresh Provision of Meat (11:31–32)

Plague upon the People: With Meat in their Mouths (11:33–34)

Second Stage of the Journey: Kibroth Hattaavah to Hazeroth (11:35)

(5)  Third Rebellion: Challenge to Moses’ Authority (12:1–16)

Miriam and Aaron’s Challenge of Moses (12:1–3)

God Speaks to Moses, Aaron, and Miriam (12:4–8)

The Judgment against Miriam (12:9–13)

God’s Reply to Moses, Miriam, and Aaron (12:14–15)

Third Stage of the Journey (12:16)

(6)  Fourth Rebellion: Rejection of the Promised Land (13:1–14:45)

Instructions from Yahweh to Explore the Promised Land (13:1–3)

Tribal Scouts Enlisted (13:4–16)

Moses Instructs the Tribal Scouts (13:17–20)

Scouts Explore the Land (13:21–25)

Report of the Scouts (13:26–33)

Congregational Response to the Report (14:1–4)

Leadership Response to the People (14:5–10)

God Intervenes: Glory of Lord Appears (14:10b–12)

Moses Intercedes with Yahweh for the People (14:13–19)

Yahweh Responds to Moses’ Prayer (14:20–23)

Caleb My Servant Will Live (14:24–25)

Yahweh Speech: The Unfaithful Community Will Die in the Wilderness (14:26–35)

Judgment against the Leaders: The Ten versus Joshua and Caleb (14:36–38)

Conclusion: Moses Reports Judgment—Israel Mourns (14:39–45)

(7)  Offerings from the Land of Promise: Covenant Hope (15:1–41)

Offerings from the Land (15:1–16)

Offerings of the Firstfruits (15:17–21)

Offerings for Inadvertent versus Intentional Sins (15:22–36)

Covenant Epilogue: Garment Tassels and Growing Faith (15:37–41)

2.    Rebellion Cycle B: Korah and Company Challenge Moses (16:1–19:22)

(1)   Rebellion of Korah and the Reubenites (16:1–50)

Korah Instigates Rebellion versus Moses and Aaron (16:1–3)

Moses’ Initial Response: Yahweh Will Demonstrate (16:4–7)

Moses’ Confrontation with Rebellious Leaders (16:8–15)

Moses’ Further Instructions to Korah (16:16–19)

Yahweh’s Judgment and Moses’ Appeal (16:20–22)

Yahweh’s Response: Judgment Is Imminent (16:23–30)

Yahweh’s Judgment (16:31–35)

Yahweh’s Instruction to the Priests (16:36–40[Hb. 17:1–5])

People’s Response: Grumbling (16:41–43[Hb. 17:6–8])

Yahweh Dispenses Judgment (16:44–50[Hb. 17:9–15])

(2)  Aaron’s Budding of Staff: Primacy of the Aaronic Priesthood Reconfirmed (17:1–13 [Hb. 17:16–28])

Requirements: Instructions and Commands (17:1–5 [Hb. 17:16–20])

Ready Compliance of the People and Moses (17:6–7 [Hb. 17:21–22])

Results of the Test (17:8–9[Hb. 17:23–24])

Renewed Instructions (17:10–11[Hb. 17:25–26])

Rhetorical Response of the Israelites (17:12–13 [Hb. 17:27–28])

(3)  The Priests and the Levites: Additional Responsibilities and Provisions (18:1–23)

Priests and Levites as Guardians of the Sanctuary (18:1–7)

Provisions of Tribute for the Priests (18:8–19)

Provisions for the Levites (18:20–24)

Tithes and Offerings of the Levites (18:25–32)

(4)  Red Heifer Ashes and the Waters of Purification (19:1–22)

Introduction: Divine Instruction and First Statute (19:1–2a)

Preparation of the Ashes of the Red Heifer (19:2b–10)

General Rule for Applying Red Heifer Ashes (19:11–13)

Second Statute: Applying the Waters of Purification for Death Impurity (19:14–22)

3.    Rebellion Cycle C: From Zin to Moab: The Rebellion and Replacement of Moses (20:1–25:19)

(1)   From Kadesh of Zin to Mount Hor: The End of an Era (20:1–29)

Historical Setting: Kadesh of Zin and the Death of Miriam (20:1)

Moses’ Rebellion at Meribah- Kadesh (20:2–13)

Edom Denies Passage to the Israelites (20:14–21)

The Death and Burial of Aaron (20:22–29)

(2)  Victory over the Canaanites of Arad Hormah (21:1–3)

(3)  Rebellion and Judgment (21:4–9)

(4)  Journey through Moab (21:10–20)

(5)  Victory over the Amorites of Transjordan (21:21–35)

Victory over Sihon of Heshbon (21:21–31)

Victory over Og of Bashan (21:32–35)

(6)  The Book of Balaam (22:1–24:25)

Literary Analysis of Numbers 22–25

Introduction to the Balaam Oracles (22:1–24:25)

Geographical Setting: Arabah of Moab along the Jordan across from Jericho (22:1)

Cycle I: First Messengers Sent to Balaam (22:2–14)

Balak Sees—Moses Fears the Numerous Israelites (22:2–4)

First Messengers Sent (22:5a)

The Message: Curse the Mighty Israel (22:5b–6)

Elders of Moab and Elders of Midian Journey to Pethor to Meet Balaam (22:7)

Balaam’s Response (22:8)

God’s Encounter with Balaam (22:9–12)

Balaam’s Response of Refusal (22:13)

Messengers Return Home to Moab (22:14)

Cycle II: Second Set of Messengers Sent to Balaam (22:15–21)

Messengers Again Sent to Balaam (22:15–17)

Balaam’s Response to Balak’s New Messengers (22:18–19)

God’s Second Encounter with Balaam (22:20)

Balaam Departs with Messengers (22:21)

Cycle III: God’s Messenger Sent to Balaam (22:22–38)

Introduction: God’s Anger with Balaam (22:22a)

The Angel of Yahweh Appears (22:22b)

The Donkey Responds (22:23)

The Angel of Yahweh Appears Again (22:24)

Donkey Responds Again (22:25)

The Angel of Yahweh Appears the Third Time (22:26)

Donkey Responds the Third Time (22:27)

God’s Third Encounter with Balaam (22:28–35)

Balak Goes out to Meet Balaam (22:36–38)

Preparation for the First Oracular Event (22:39–40)

Balaam’s First Oracle (22:41–23:10)

Balak Leads Balaam to Bamoth Baal (22:41)

Balaam Instructs Balak to Prepare Sacrifices (23:1)

Balak Obeys Balaam (23:2)

Balaam to Balak: Stand Beside Your Burnt Offering (23:3)

God Manifested Himself to Balaam (23:4–5)

Balaam Returns to Balak (23:6)

Balaam Obeys Yahweh: Speaks the First Oracle (23:7–10)

Balak’s Response to Balaam and the Rejoinder (23:11–12)

Balaam’s Second Oracle (23:13–26)

Balak Sacrifices Animals on Seven Altars (23:14b)

Balaam to Balak: Stand Beside Your Burnt Offering (23:15)

God Manifested Himself to Balaam (23:16)

Balaam Returns to Balak (23:17)

Balaam Obeys Yahweh: Speaks the Second Oracle (23:18–24)

Balak’s Second Response to Balaam and the Rejoinder (23:25–26)

Balaam’s Third Oracle (23:27–24:14)

Balak Leads Balaam to Bamoth Baal (23:27–28)

Balaam Instructs Balak to Prepare Sacrifices (23:29)

Balak Obeys Balaam (23:30)

God Manifested Himself to Balaam (24:1–2)

Balak’s Angry Response (24:10–11)

Balaam’s Retort (24:12–14)

Balaam’s Fourth Oracle (24:15–19)

Balaam’s Final Three Oracles (24:20–24)

Balaam’s Fifth Oracle: Against the Amalekites (24:20)

Balaam’s Sixth Oracle: Against the Kenites (24:21–22)

Balaam’s Seventh Oracle: Against Assyria (24:23–24)

Balaam Departs Homeward (24:25)

(7)  The Final Rebellion: Idolatry at Baal Peor (25:1–19)

Setting of Immorality (25:1–3)

Moses Receives Instruction from Yahweh (25:4)

Moses Instructs the Leaders of Israel (25:5)

Phinehas Follows Moses’ Instruction (25:6–8a)

Wrath of Yahweh Allayed (25:8b)

The Results of Israel’s Immorality (25:9)

Moses Receives Further Instruction from the Lord (25:10–18)

Conclusion: The End of the Former Generation and Setting for the New (25:19)

Book Two:
The New Generation
and the Prospects of
the Promised Land (26:1–36:13)

III.  Preparation of the New Generation of Israel (26:1–30:16)

1.     The Second Census in the Plains of Moab (26:1–65)

(1)   Census Instructions (26:1–4)

(2)  Reuben’s descendants (26:5–11)

(3)  Simeon’s Descendants (26:12–14)

(4)  Gad’s Descendants (26:15–18)

(5)  Judah’s Descendants (26:19–22)

(6)  Issachar’s Descendants (26:23–25)

(7)  Zebulun’s Descendants (26:26–27)

(8)  Sons of Joseph: Manasseh’s Descendants (26:28–34)

(9)  Sons of Joseph: Ephraim’s Descendants (26:35–37)

(10) Benjamin’s Descendants (26:38–41)

(11) Dan’s Descendants (26:42–43)

(12) Asher’s Descendants (26:44–47)

(13) Naphtali’s Descendants (26:48–50)

(14) Total Population of the Second Generation (26:51)

(15) Instructions for Division of the Land (26:52–56)

(16) Levi’s Descendants (26:57–62)

(17) Conclusion of the Second Census (26:63–65)

2.    Land Inheritance Laws: The Case of Zelophehad’s Daughters (27:1–11)

(1)   The Case of Zelophehad’s Daughters (27:1–5)

(2)  Case Decision and Derived Principles (27:6–11)

3.    Joshua Heir to Moses (27:12–23)

(1)   Moses’ Sin Recapitulated (27:12–14)

(2)  Moses’ Entreaty for a New Leader (27:15–17)

(3)  Moses’ Instruction from the Lord (27:18–21)

(4)  Moses Commissions Joshua (27:22–23)

4.    The Appointed Times and Offerings (28:1–29:40)

(1)   Introduction (28:1–2)

(2)  Daily Offerings (28:3–8)

(3)  Weekly (Sabbath) Offerings (28:9–10)

(4)  Monthly (Rosh Chodesh) Offerings (28:11–15)

(5)  Passover (Pesach) and Unleavened Bread Offerings (28:16–25)

(6)  Feast of Weeks (Shavuoth / Pentecost) Offerings (28:26–31)

(7)  Feast of the Blowing Trumpets Offerings (29:1–6)

(8)  Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) Offerings (29:7–11)

(9)  Feast of Booths (Sukkoth) Offerings (29:16–38)

(10) Summary (29:39–40)

5.    Women’s Vows (30:1–16)

(1)   Introduction: General Principle for Vows (30:1–2)

(2)  Vows of Unmarried Women (30:3–5)

(3)  Vows of Newly Married Women (30:6–8)

(4)  Vows of Widowed or Divorced Women (30:9)

(5)  Vows of Married Women (30:10–15)

(6)  Summary (30:16)

IV.  Advent Cycle B: Preparation for War and Entry into the Promised Land (31:1–36:13)

Introduction to the Second Advent Cycle

1.     The Midianite Campaign (31:1–54)

     Critical Issues in Numbers 31

(1)   Israelite Armies Battle the Midianites (31:1–12)

(2)  Preserving the Sanctity of the Camp (31:13–24)

(3)  Division of the War Booty among the Israelites (31:25–54)

2.    Settlement of the Transjordan Tribes (32:1–42)

(1)   Reubenite and Gadite Request (32:1–5)

(2)  Moses’ Response (32:6–15)

(3)  Promise of Support (32:16–19)

(4)  Moses’ Response to the Promise (32:20–24)

(5)  Gad and Reuben Ratify the Agreement (32:25–27)

(6)  Moses Informs Eleazar and Joshua of the Decision (32:28–30)

(7)  Gad and Reubenite Reiterate the Promise (32:31–32)

(8)  Moses Grants Transjordan Tribal Territory (32:33–42)

3.    The Israelite Victory March: From Ramses to the Plains of Moab (33:1–49)

4.    Instructions for the Conquest of the Land (33:50–56)

5.    Preparation for Allocation of the Promised Land (34:1–29)

(1)   Boundaries of the Promised Land Delineated (34:1–15)

(2)  Leaders Appointed to Divide the Promised Land (34:16–29)

6.    Levitical Cities and the Cities of Refuge (35:1–34)

(1)   The Levitical Cities (35:1–8)

(2)  Cities of Refuge (35:9–34)

7.    Inheritance Laws: Zelophehad Clarifications (Laws and Land) (36:1–12)

Legal Precedent: Historical Background of the Request by Zelophehad’s Daughters (36:1–2)

The Case Presented by the Gileadite Clans (36:3–4)

Moses Presents the Case Adjudication at Yahweh’s Command (36:5–12)

8.    Conclusion to the Case and the Book of Numbers (36:13)

______________________

1 R. Dennis Cole, Numbers, electronic ed., Logos Library System; The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2001). 21–575.