Do You Take God at His Word?
Explore the Bible Series
Background Passage: Isaiah 7:1-12:6
Lesson Passage: Isaiah 7:1-14, 16
Introduction: This section, Chapter Seven through
Twelve, recounts a period of serious military and political threat from the
Syrians. Isaiah addressed both
Ahaz, king of
The true spiritual condition of a people often manifests
itself during times of crisis.
In the midst of this profound difficulty, Isaiah the prophet
stepped forward to call
Background Passage Outline:
I. The Prophet’s Message to the King of Judah (7:1-25)
historical background of the passage and the fear of Ahaz and the people of
message to Ahaz concerning the threat of the Syrians (vv. 3-9): God commanded
Isaiah to take his son, Shear-Jashub (“A Remnant Shall Return”), and they were
to go a specific location (an unknown aqueduct in the vicinity of Jerusalem)
and deliver a message to King Ahaz. The
C. God’s test of Ahaz (vv. 10-17): Jehovah detected the unbelief of Ahaz, and put the wicked king to a test. He offered Ahaz a sign that all these things would come to pass. Of course, the king refused to heed the Lord’s invitation; therefore, God foretold a great sign to come. (See, in particular, vv. 14-16).
son, Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz (“Speeding the Spoil, Hurrying to the Plunder”),
shall serve as symbol of
a great river,
III. The Promised Child (9:1-7)
A. The light of God in the midst of gloom (vv.1-5): Though they will live in the shadow of death, God pledged to remember mercy toward those under his chastening hand.
B. Four-fold description of the Promised Child (vv. 6-7)
1. “Wonderful Counselor”: The Child will possess the wisdom of God and will direct his people with infallible knowledge. His great insight evokes wonder and worship.
2. “Mighty God”: His might shall rival his wisdom. He alone is God, and no one can resist his power.
3. “Everlasting Father”: This designation reveals the Son as authoritative over his household and tender toward his children. The term “everlasting” reveals the Son’s essential difference from the fathers of the earth. His paternal care will know not the boundaries of time and space. Forever, he will love and govern his family.
4. “The Prince of Peace”: This Royal Son will govern in peace. He will reconcile his children to the Father and bring peace inexpressible.
The Wickedness and Judgment of
pride and foolishness of
one will escape the judgment of the Lord (-17):
The Jehovah will destroy
C. Everything will be destroyed in the day of the Lord (-21): The desperate circumstances, brought by the righteous hand of God, will not spare anyone or anything.
D. The reason for God’s displeasure (10:1-4):
injustice of the rulers and judges of
God’s Future Judgment on
VI. The Root of Jesse Will Rule Over God’s People (11:1-12:6)
A. The character of the “shoot” from the root of Jesse (11:1-5): A shoot shall emerge from the root of Jesse. David’s royal line may seem destroyed, but God was not through with Jesse’s progeny. Of course, this passage refers to Christ, and it promises that, in his incarnation, the Son of God will continue to bear all the marks of deity. The Holy Spirit will rest upon him, and he will possess understanding, wisdom, might, and the fear of the Lord.
B. The work of the “shoot” from the root of Jesse (11:6-9): He will reorder creation and bring peace to the earth. As the waters cover the sea, his knowledge shall cover the whole earth. The Gentiles will seek him, and he shall set his banner over the nations of the earth.
Messiah will remember the remnant of
D. A doxology of praise (12:1-6): Isaiah closed this section with a glorious hymn of praise to the God of mercy. Gentile and Jew will know his grace, and all the earth will witness his purpose of mercy. His anger will be turned away, and he will become the salvation of his people. His works will evoke praise from his people among all the peoples of the world. “For great is the Holy One of Israel in your midst.”
Thoughts on the Lesson Passage: Isaiah 7:1-14 and 16
1. (vv. 1-9): God’s pledge of mercy comes to men in the horror
and destruction of their sin. Sin brings
great wretchedness. The English Puritan, Joseph Alleine,
cataloged the misery that our sinful condition brings. Among Alleine’s observations, these ideas seem particularly
applicable to ancient
(1) The infinite God is engaged against the sinner.
(2) The whole creation of God is against the sinner (See -25)
(3) The guilt of your sin lies like a mountain upon the sinner.
(4) Raging lusts miserably enslave the sinner.
(5) The furnace of eternal vengeance is heated already for the sinner.
(6) The law discharges all its threats and curses at the sinner.
(7) The gospel itself binds the sentence of eternal damnation upon the sinner.
2. (vv. 14-17): Merciful God, in the midst of human sin and despair, meets man with promises of a Savior. This Promised One will send a Son, born of a virgin. This, however, will be no ordinary child. He shall be called Immanuel, God with Us. The fullness of deity will dwell in him, and he will bring goodness and righteousness to the earth.
3. Discuss the consequences of sin, and the undeserved mercy of the Lord, brought to us in Christ.