Praise Our Incomparable God
Explore the Bible Series
May 28, 2006
Background Passage: Micah 1:1-7:20
Lesson Passage: Micah 7:8-20
prophet Micah preached during the same time as Isaiah (Eighth Century B.C.),
and he addressed, generally speaking, the same audience as his more prominent
contemporary.† Micah came from Moresheth,
near the ancient Philistine city of
Jotham (750-735 B.C.): This man ruled
Ahaz (735-715 B.C.): Jothamís son did not follow in his
fatherís path.† His sixteen-year rule of
Hezekiah (715-686): Thankfully, Hezekiah, during a
twenty-nine year reign, broke the sinful patterns of his father Ahaz. He
cleansed and restored the
The Prophecy of Micah falls into three main divisions, each
marked by a call for Godís people to hear the voice of the Lord (See 1:2; 3:1;
6:1).† Each section contains indictments
Outline of the Background Passage:
I. Micahís First Address (1:1-2:13): Note the call for the people to hear the words of the prophet (1:2)
A. Introduction and historical setting (1:1)
impending judgment on
D. Condemnation of the oppressive elite (2:1-5): The wealthy landowners devised ways to oppress the poor, and God promised that he would oppress the oppressors.
E. Condemnation of the corrupt religious leaders (2:6-11): False teachers told the people what they wanted to hear, and they sought to silence Godís true prophet, Micah.† Wicked men often seek to silence the voice of the Lordís anointed.
promise to gather a remnant of his people (2:12-13): God kept this pledge by
protecting a remnant in
Micahís Second Address (3:1-5:15): Again, note the call
to hear the words of the prophet (3:1). This address sounds the same general
themes as the first.† In particular,
Micah focused on the cruelty of the oppressive elite class and the false
teachings of the ďprophets of
A. Oppression compared to cannibalism (3:1-4): Like cannibals, the rich and powerful devoured the poor and helpless.† They flayed their skin from the bone, boiled their flesh, and consumed them.† God will not answer the prayers of such cruel people (See v. 4).
B. False religious leaders censured (3:5-8): These greedy prophets preached for their own financial advantage.† They led the people astray and brought spiritual darkness on the land.† Verse Eight reminds us that Micah was not one of these unscrupulous men.†
and religious leaders accused of greed (3:9-12): All of these leaders accepted
bribes.† They were all for sale, and God
promised to level
nations will turn to
2. Jehovah will reign over the lame, afflicted, and helpless (vv. 6-7).
present distress of
E. The future hope and salvation of the remnant (5:1-15)
1. A Son of Bethlehem will arise to vindicate the Lordís people (vv. 1-6).† He shall be their shepherd, security, and peace. Eventually, the whole earth will see the Shepherdís glory, and he shall govern all the nations.
ultimate victory of the remnant (vv. 7-15): This triumph will be attended by
true repentance, a forsaking of the sorceries and idolatry that plagued
III. Micahís Third Address (6:1-7:20)
B. God promised to chasten his guilty people.† They cheated at business and practiced violence; therefore, God would curse them with unfruitfulness (See vv. 14-16).†
C. The evidences of a corrupt society (7:1-6): Godly men become scarce in times like this.† Micah could not find a righteous man (vv. 1-2); instead, he saw only corrupt and covetous men.† Neighbors and friends treacherously betrayed their warmest relations (vv. 3-5), and the family disintegrated before Micahís eyes (v. 6).
D. Micahís great hope in the merciful forgiveness of the Lord (7:7-20):† All other sources of encouragement and comfort failed Micah, but he found help in the Lord (See v. 7).† The prophet warned his enemies not to exalt over him too quickly.† He would, by Godís grace, still rise to victory and vindication.† He knew that his ultimate victory did not rest on his own strength or merit; rather, his help would come from the forgiving mercies of God (See vv. 18-20).† The prophet marveled at the grace and faithfulness of God.†
Discussion Questions for the Lesson Passage:
1. Discuss the Christian concept of hope.† How does the Bible use this word differently than the world?† What evidence do you find of Micahís hope?
lived at the threshold of very difficult days.†
Assyria loomed on
3. Discuss the nature of Godís forgiveness, as reflected in 7:18-20.† What comfort do these verses bring to those who may struggle with the magnitude of their sins?