The Judge of all the Earth
I. A severe word
of Judgment against
A. Scenes of Panic among the Egyptians 46:1-12
B. Nebuchadnezzar the instrument of punishment 46:13, 25-26
C. But it is the Lord’s work – 15b, 18
C. Israel would be preserved though chastened
1. Jacob is assured of their return and their “quiet and ease.” Paul wrote in 1 Timothy 21,2 that we should pray for political leaders that we might live “peacable and quiet lives, godly and dignified in every way.”
2. The nations
that were God’s instruments of chastisement for
3. Jacob will be
punished for the purpose of discipline. Out of all the peoples of the earth,
God chose Abraham, and through Abraham, Isaac, and from Isaac Jacob. Jacob’s
family formed the nation of
II. The destruction of the Philistines by
A. The horror of the devastation is
given in both visual and auditory images, but the most impressive figure is
this: “The fathers look not back to their children, so feeble
are their hands.” 3b “Baldness has come upon
B. This is the work of God – 47:6, 7.
III. Judgment on
A. Moab was the son of Lot by an
incestuous relation with his daughter after their escape from
B. The description of the devastation carries an oppressive power for its thoroughness, naming city by city that are shrouded in terror. Interviews with those fleeing add to the impression. “Ask him who flees and her who escapes, ‘What has happened?’” 
C. They ceased to exist as an independent nation sometime after Nebuchadnezzar’s attack and their subjugation by the Persians al though they were recognized as a people group. [cf. 48:42, 47]
D. The thoroughness of their subjugation and the horror involved in it came from their corrupting influence on Israel, their hostility to Israel [26, 27], their own idolatry , and the wasting away of any opportunity they had to learn of the one true God. Ruth the Moabitess came to trust in the God of Israel through the influence of Naomi, and said “Your God shall be my God.”
IV. Judgment on
A. All of these were people that had sought to repress Israel, were in opposition to Israel’s peace and safety, and sought the be corrupting influences. [e.g. Judges 3:13, Judges 11, 2 Chron 20
V. Judgment on
A. Initial announcement 50:1-3
B. God looks on
the distressed state of
C. Babylon peculiarly guilty because they came against God’s heritage.
VI. Narrative of the Fall of Jerusalem Jeremiah 52; cf 2 Kings 24:18-25:21
Zedekiah, having been installed by
All the accoutrements of worship were broken down and carried to
D. An account of those killed and those taken into captivity – 24-30
E. The prophecy of Jeremiah about Jehoiachin fulfilled 31-34.
A. God’s rule over the nations does not extend just to those to whom he has given special privileges of revelation.
B. All nations, and all people, and every person, ae responsible to God for all their actions and will judged in accordance with and exact standard of truth. None will be held guiltless, but some will incur greater judgment because of the greater advantage they had
C. God claims to be the active cause of the events of judgment. He may use nations and people as he sees fit. His activities in this world are not limited to displays of mercy, or to proclamation of his word, but the “terror on every side” so often announced by Jeremiah was from the direct will of God. Severe judgment here is only a faint reflection of the unending and merciless infliction of wrath in hell.
D. Though judgment is severe and in accordance with divine justice, Jeremiah is not without the message of hope that breaks through periodically. God will maintain a remnant and even has a place for representatives from all these pagan nations among his people.
E. Though opposed from the start, the book of Jeremiah ends with the evidence that Jeremiah was true prophet of God; Jehoiachin, after thirty-seven years was taken out of prison and treated kindly, but never returned to Judah, nor did any of his sons reign. His grandson, Zerubbabel was responsible for rebuilding the temple.